Nigeria Population clock (live)
|Current male population (50.6%)|
|Current female population (49.4%)|
|Births year to date|
|Deaths year to date|
|Net migration year to date|
|Net migration today|
|Population growth year to date|
|Population growth today|
Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division .
Coronavirus Update (Live)
Please note that the population clock above does not reflect actual migration situation due to movement restrictions.
- Population clock
- Population fact sheet
- Population 2023
- Demographics 2022
- Population density
- Age structure
- Age dependency ratio
- Child dependency ratio
- Aged dependency ratio
- Life expectancy
- Historical population
- Population projection
United States of America (USA) Population
Russian Federation Population
Quick facts about the population of Nigeria
|Current population (as of Tuesday, March 07, 2023)|
|6 (2.74% of world population)|
|923,770 km2 (356,670 mi2)|
|239.6 per km2 (620.6 people/mi2)|
|1.03 (112,087,377 men to 109,263,995 women)|
|47.6 years (46.8 - men, 48.4 - women)|
(Population figures are estimates by Countrymeters based on the latest United Nations data)
Nigeria population 2023
During 2023 Nigeria population is projected to increase by 5,875,168 people and reach 226,166,443 in the beginning of 2024. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 5,952,270. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 77,102 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Nigeria to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).
Population change rates in 2023
According to our estimations, daily change rates of Nigeria population in 2023 will be the following:
- 24,329 live births average per day (1,013.69 in an hour)
- 8,021 deaths average per day (334.21 in an hour)
- -211 emigrants average per day (-8.80 in an hour)
The population of Nigeria will be increasing by 16,096 persons daily in 2023.
Demographics of Nigeria 2022
As of 1 January 2023, the population of Nigeria was estimated to be 220,291,275 people.This is an increase of 2.67 % (5,722,548 people) compared to population of 214,568,727 the year before.In 2022 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 5,797,647. Due to external migration, the population declined by 75,099.The sex ratio of the total population was 1.026 (1,026 males per 1,000 females)which is higher than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1,016 males to 1,000 females as of 2022.
Below are the key figures for Nigeria population in 2022:
- 8,649,265 live births
- 2,851,618 deaths
- Natural increase: 5,797,647 people
- Net migration: -75,099 people
- 111,550,567 males as of 31 December 2022
- 108,740,708 females as of 31 December 2022
Growth Rate 1952 - 2023
Nigeria population density
Nigeria population density is 238.5 people per square kilometer (617.6/mi2) as of March 2023.Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Nigeria divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Nigeria. The total area of Nigeria is 923,770 km2 (356,670 mi2) according to the United Nations Statistics Division .
Religion in Nigeria
|Religion||Number of followers||Percentage of |
|Folk or traditional religions||3,098,726||1.4 %|
|Religiously Unaffiliated||1,106,688||0.5 %|
Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape.
Number of followers estimated by Countrymeters (Tuesday, March 07 2023).
Nigeria age structure
As of the beginning of 2023 according to our estimates Nigeria had the following population age distribution:
|- percentage of population under 15|
|- percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old|
|- percentage of population 65+|
In absolute figures (estimate):
- 90,180,639 young people under 15 years old (46,093,746 males / 44,089,096 females)
- 123,235,345 persons between 15 and 64 years old (62,868,927 males / 60,368,621 females)
- 6,875,291 persons above 64 years old (3,321,992 males / 3,551,095 females)
We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.
Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.
As we can see the Nigeria population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates.Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.
Source: The estimation data for section "Nigeria age structure" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division .
Age dependency ratio
Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population).The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.
This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.
The total dependency ratio of population in Nigeria is 78.8 %.
As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Nigeria must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 78.8 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Nigeria is very high.
Child dependency ratio
Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.
Child dependency ratio in Nigeria is 73.2 %.
Aged dependency ratio
Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.
Aged dependency ratio in Nigeria is 5.6 %.
Source: The estimation data for section "Nigeria age dependency ratio" is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division .
Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.
Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Nigeria is 47.6 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).
Male life expectancy at birth is 46.8 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 48.4 years.
Literacy of population
According to our estimates 77,552,150 persons or 59.6% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Nigeria are able to read and write.Accordingly about 52,558,485 adults are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult male population is 69.19% (45,796,835 persons). 20,394,084 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 49.68% (31,755,315 persons). 32,164,401 are illiterate.
Youth literacy rates are 79.89% and 65.33% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 72.79%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.
Source: The estimation data for section "Nigeria population literacy" is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016).
Nigeria historical population (1951 - 2023)
The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.
Nigeria population history
The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.
Population projection (2020-2100)
The data is given as of 1st of July of an year (medium fertility variant).
Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division
What is the population of Nigeria in 2023? ›
The current population of Nigeria is 219,837,944 as of Friday, March 10, 2023, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data.What will Nigeria's population be in 2025? ›
|Characteristic||Inhabitants in millions|
Nigeria's population is predicted to hit 206 million by 2020, and 264 million by 2030 - crossing the 300 million threshold around 2036. The current population of Nigeria is 221,859,741 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2023 population at 223,804,632.What is predicted to happen to Nigeria's population by 2030? ›
The population of Nigeria is expected to increase from 206 million people in 2020 to 263 million in 2030, 401 million in 2050, and a massive 733 million in 2050. Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and the 7th most populous country in the world.Is Nigeria a fast growing country? ›
Between 2001 and 2010, Nigeria ranked among the top 15 fastest growing economies in the world, with an average annual growth rate of 8.2.What will the U.S. population be in 2023? ›
News. The U.S. Census Bureau projected the U.S. population will be 334,233,854 on January 1, 2023. New population estimates and projections and other demographic data up to the year 2100 for 30 countries and areas in the International Data Base (IDB).What will be Nigeria population by 2050? ›
Demographic projections show that the Nigerian population might experience a constant increase in the next decades. By 2050, it is forecast that the population will grow to over 377 million people compared to 2022.What ranking will Nigeria be in the world population in 2050? ›
|1||India||1 668 475|
|2||China||1 316 946|
|3||United States of America||375 085|
Nigeria is the most populated country in Africa and the largest black demographic in the world. The population has doubled in size twice in the last 60 years. If current trends continue, the country is projected to become the third most populous nation in the world by 2050.Is Nigeria increasing or decreasing? ›
The population of Nigeria in 2022 was 218,541,212, a 2.41% increase from 2021. The population of Nigeria in 2021 was 213,401,323, a 2.44% increase from 2020. The population of Nigeria in 2020 was 208,327,405, a 2.47% increase from 2019.
Is Nigeria birth rate increasing or decreasing? ›
The current birth rate for Nigeria in 2023 is 36.026 births per 1000 people, a 1.14% decline from 2022. The birth rate for Nigeria in 2022 was 36.440 births per 1000 people, a 1.13% decline from 2021. The birth rate for Nigeria in 2021 was 36.855 births per 1000 people, a 1.11% decline from 2020.Is Nigeria's birth rate declining? ›
The current fertility rate for Nigeria in 2023 is 5.076 births per woman, a 1.32% decline from 2022. The fertility rate for Nigeria in 2022 was 5.144 births per woman, a 1.3% decline from 2021. The fertility rate for Nigeria in 2021 was 5.212 births per woman, a 1.31% decline from 2020.Why is Nigeria growing so fast? ›
Population of Nigeria is increasing rapidly. Rapidly increasing population may result due to the effect of three important factors. They are birth rate, death rate and higher net migration.Why is Nigeria not growing? ›
Nigeria's economic potential is constrained by many structural issues, including inadequate infrastructure, tariff and non-tariff barriers to trade, obstacles to investment, lack of confidence in currency valuation, and limited foreign exchange capacity.How long would it take to double Nigeria's population? ›
How do low-growth-rate population graphs compare? [Low-growth-rate countries are straight - upward, flat, or downward trending lines.] ? How long would it take to double Nigeria's population? [75/4 ~ 18 years (answers range from 15 to 30 if using graph), so it has doubled in most students' lifetime.]Which state is fast developing in Nigeria? ›
|2||Federal Capital Territory||0.815|
Transport and Storage: This is the country's fastest-growing sector, coming in at 41.59% in Q3 2022. Finance and Insurance: Second on the list is the finance and insurance sector which recorded a 12.7% year-on-year in real terms in the third quarter of the year.Where does Nigeria rank in wealth? ›
It is ranked as the 31st-largest economy in the world in terms of nominal GDP, the largest in Africa and the 27th-largest in terms of purchasing power parity. -3.0% (2020 est.) 1.5% (2021 est.)How many people are in China 2023? ›
The current population of China is 1,454,204,753 as of Friday, March 10, 2023, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data. China 2020 population is estimated at 1,439,323,776 people at mid year according to UN data. China population is equivalent to 18.47% of the total world population.What percent of the U.S. is black? ›
What state is losing the most population? ›
|Top 10 States in Numeric Decline: 2021 to 2022|
|Rank||Geographic Area||April 1, 2020 (Estimates Base)|
Nigeria's expected population growth is even greater. Starting with a 2022 population of 216 million Nigeria would increase to 375 million by 2050 and 546 million by 2100.What was the population of Nigeria 1960? ›
Looking back, in the year of 1960, Nigeria had a population of 45.1 million people.Which African country has the highest expected population by 2050? ›
The population in Africa is expected to grow by 90 percent by 2050. Among the countries forecast to be the most populated in the continent, Nigeria leads, with an estimated population of over 401 million people.Where does Nigeria rank in life expectancy? ›
WCD figures predict that both Muslism and Christians will continue to grow as a proportion of the population through to 2050. Their projections predict Christians at that point will make up on 48% of the population and Muslims on 48.7%, both growing at the expense of ethnic religions, down to 2.9% of the population.Is Nigeria the most populous BlacK NatioN in the world? ›
Nigeria is the largest BlacK NatioN in the world. One out of every four Africans and one out of every five persons of African origin is a Nigerian.Is poverty increasing in Nigeria? ›
Nigeria Poverty Rate 1985-2023.
|Nigeria Poverty Rate - Historical Data|
|Year||% Under US $5.50 Per Day||Change|
Highlights of the 2022 Multidimensional Poverty Index survey reveal that: 63% of persons living within Nigeria (133 million people) are multidimensionally poor. The National MPI is 0.257, indicating that poor people in Nigeria experience just over one-quarter of all possible deprivations.Is Nigeria getting safer? ›
There's a high risk of terrorist attacks across Nigeria, including in the capital city Abuja, by various militant groups. This risk increased in 2022 and further attacks are likely. We continue to advise you should reconsider your need to travel to Nigeria.
Is Nigeria still a developing country? ›
Nigeria is a developing country categorised as lower middle income by the World Bank.Is Nigeria the fastest growing economy in Africa? ›
GDP growth in 2021 according to World Bank: 5.64%
Ethiopia is the second-most populous nation in Africa after Nigeria, with an anticipated 117 million residents in 2021. With 6.1% growth in FY2020/21, it also saw the strongest economic growth on the continent.
Overall, birth rates have plummeted for Americans over the past five decades: "Between 1976 and 2018, the mean number of children ever born per woman declined, from three children to two," according to the report's authors, Gladys Martinez and Kimberly Daniels.Why is the birth rate falling in the US? ›
Compared with earlier eras, people today start having their children later. These delays also contribute to declining birth rates: Because people start later, they have less time to meet their childbearing goals before they reach biological or social age limits for having kids.Is the US birth rate slowing? ›
All show a downward trend from 1990 to 2020. The maximum is 95.7 (Utah, 2007); the minimum is 44.7 (Vermont, 2020). The national rate was 70.9 in 1990 and 56 in 2020. Note: The general fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women 15 to 44 years old.Which country has no birth rate? ›
South Korea has the lowest fertility rate globally at 0.9 children per woman, closely followed by Puerto Rico at 1.0 and a trio of Malta, Singapore, and the Chinese Special Administrative Region Hong Kong all at 1.1 children per woman.How many children do Nigerians have? ›
|Characteristic||Number of born children per woman|
|Characteristic||Share of deaths|
|Ischemic heart disease||4.37%|
|Congenital birth defects||3.26%|
Africa's pre-Covid-19 top five performing economies are projected to grow by more than 5.5% on average in 2023-2024 and to reclaim their position among the world's 10 fastest-growing economies. These countries are Rwanda (7.9%), Côte d'Ivoire (7.1%), Benin (6.4%), Ethiopia (6.0%), and Tanzania (5.6%).What does Nigeria produce the most in the world? ›
It is the largest producer of sorghum in the world just after the United States, and ranks fifth in the production of palm oil and cocoa beans. Nigeria is also a large global exporter in this sector. Oil, fruits, nuts, seeds are among the ten best performing export categories.
Why is Nigeria so popular? ›
Nigerians are known for their vibrant and friendly energy expressed through diverse creative expressions. Home to over 200 million inhabitants, Nigeria has one of the largest populations of youth, and is the sixth most populous country in the world.What does Nigeria export to USA? ›
The majority of Nigeria's US-bound exports are noted to be mineral fuels (mostly crude oil under HTS 2709.0020).What is Nigeria lacking? ›
The lack of job opportunities is at the core of the high poverty levels, regional inequality, and social and political unrest. High inflation has also taken a toll on household's welfare and high prices in 2020-2022 are likely to have pushed an additional 8 million Nigerians into poverty.
A few weeks ago, our National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) in its latest National Multi-Dimensional Poverty Index showed that 133 million Nigerians are poor due to a lack of access to health, education, living standards, employment and security.Will Africa overtake Asia in population? ›
Africa is projected to overtake Asia in births by 2060.
The number of births in Nigeria is projected to exceed those in China by 2070. Meanwhile, roughly a third of the world's babies are projected to be born in Asia by the end of this century, down from about half today and from a peak of 65% in the 1965-70 period.
Nigeria has an estimated population of about 206 million, making it the seventh most populous country in the world. The country's population is projected to increase to 263 million in 2030 and 401 million in 2050 when it will become the third most populous country in the world.What will Nigeria's population be in 2050? ›
In 2022, Nigeria's population was estimated at around 219 million individuals. Demographic projections show that the Nigerian population might experience a constant increase in the next decades. By 2050, it is forecast that the population will grow to over 377 million people compared to 2022.Which country will have the highest population in 2023? ›
India is poised to become the world's most populous country in 2023, surpassing China which has held the position since 1950, according to a report by Washington-based think tank Pew Research Centre.What is the predicted population in 2023? ›
Births and deaths. The world population has grown rapidly, particularly over the past century: in 1900, there were fewer than 2 billion people on the planet. The world population is around 8.05 billion persons in 2023.
Is Nigeria's population increasing or decreasing? ›
Demographics of Nigeria 2022
As of 1 January 2023, the population of Nigeria was estimated to be 220,291,275 people. This is an increase of 2.67 % (5,722,548 people) compared to population of 214,568,727 the year before.
The current population of China is 1,454,219,903 as of Saturday, March 11, 2023, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data.What will be the 5 most populated countries in 2050? ›
|1||India||1 668 475|
|2||China||1 316 946|
|3||United States of America||375 085|
|Characteristic||Population growth compared to the previous year|
The current population of India is 1,416,199,923 as of Monday, March 6, 2023, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data. India 2020 population is estimated at 1,380,004,385 people at mid year according to UN data.Which country will have the largest population in 2025? ›
In 2025, the 10 countries with the largest populations and their expected populations, in millions, will be China (1,475), India (1,229), USSR (368), Nigeria (338), US (312), Indonesia (273), Brazil (246), Bangladesh (219), Pakistan (210), and Mexico (154).Why is Nigeria population booming? ›
In sub-Saharan Africa, the population is growing at 2.5% - more than three times the global average. Some of that can be attributed to people living longer, but family size remains the driving factor. Women in sub-Saharan Africa on average have 4.6 births each, twice the current global average of 2.3.Why is Nigeria overpopulated? ›
Nigeria is a country where some married couples and unmarried couples gave birth to children they cannot cater for. The number of children per couple is not controlled by the government of the day.