Who is the Secretary of State? - The National Museum of American Diplomacy (2023)

The Secretary holds the most senior position in the President’s Cabinet. If the President were to resign or die, the Secretary of State is fourth in line of succession after the Vice President, the Speaker of the House, and the Presidentpro temporeof the Senate.

“Since our nation was founded, America’s diplomats have played indispensable roles in maintaining security and peace at home and around the world.”

Former Secretary of State James A. Baker III

There have been 71 Secretaries of State in the nation’s history. Three have been women and two have been African-Americans. In early American history, the position of Secretary was seen as a stepping stone to the Presidency. Six of the early Secretaries of State went on to become President. Secretaries of State have also typically been highly educated. Four had doctoral degrees, and four have won the Nobel Peace Prize.

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  • Who is the Secretary of State? - The National Museum of American Diplomacy (2)


    What are the roles of a diplomat?

    When U.S. diplomats negotiate atreaty,attend a state dinner, or arrange avisafor a traveler to the United States, they all have the same mission—to represent the…

  • Who is the Secretary of State? - The National Museum of American Diplomacy (4)


    Who is a diplomat?

    Much like the United States itself, U.S. diplomats are a diverse group of people of all ages, genders, and backgrounds. Diplomats work both informal…


What is the role of the State Department in American foreign policy? ›

The State Department has four main foreign policy goals: Protect the United States and Americans; Advance democracy, human rights, and other global interests; Promote international understanding of American values and policies; and.

Who is considered a US diplomat? ›

U.S. diplomats have a clear mission: to carry out the foreign policy of the United States. This manifests in a variety of responsibilities. For example, diplomats work to advance American business interests. They protect the United States from harm via counter-terrorism operations.

When did the US use diplomacy? ›

Timeline of U.S. Diplomatic History
1750-1774: Diplomatic Struggles in the Colonial Era1775-1783: Diplomacy and the American Revolution
1914-1920: World War One and Wilsonian Diplomacy1921-1936: Interwar Diplomacy
1937-1945: Diplomacy and the Road to Another War1945-1952: The Early Cold War
9 more rows

What is government diplomat? ›

A diplomat is a person appointed by a State or national government to conduct diplomatic activities with a foreign State or government, or with foreign entities such as international organizations.

Who is the secretary of the Department of State? ›

Image of Who is the secretary of the Department of State?
Antony John Blinken is an American government official and diplomat serving since January 26, 2021, as the 71st United States secretary of state. He previously served as deputy national security advisor from 2013 to 2015 and deputy secretary of state from 2015 to 2017 under President Barack Obama.

What department and secretary are responsible for foreign policy? ›

The Department of State advises the President and leads the nation in foreign policy issues.

Are diplomats above the law? ›

Diplomats who represent their country abroad enjoy diplomatic immunity. This protects them against prosecution in the receiving state for the entire period in which they hold their diplomatic post.

Can US citizens have diplomatic immunity? ›

Members of the administrative and technical staff (including their families) and members of the service staff enjoy no privileges and immunities if they are U.S. nationals, legal permanent residents, or foreign nationals “permanently resident in” the United States.

Can the President recognize diplomats? ›

Inherent in the President's power to recognize foreign countries and their ministers is implied power over the physical premises of diplomatic properties, including power to take actions necessary to protect embassies from damage, and to deny possession to or to eject those not recognized as diplomatic personnel of the ...

Which countries are not U.S. allies? ›

The United States has formal diplomatic relations with most nations. This includes all United Nations members and observer states other than Bhutan, Iran, North Korea and Syria, and the UN observer State of Palestine, the last of which the U.S. does not recognize.

Who created American diplomacy? ›

About American Diplomacy

In 1996 a group of retired American diplomats residing in the Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill triangle area of North Carolina conceived and launched American Diplomacy, an electronic journal of commentary and analysis on international issues, available free to all users of the world wide web.

Who is the father of American diplomacy? ›

Did you know that some of America's Founding Fathers also served as our nation's earliest diplomats? Their vast knowledge and cultural awareness proved essential in gaining the support of other nations. Benjamin Franklin is one of those Founding Fathers. He is also recognized as our nation's first official diplomat.

What is the role of the State Department American foreign policy quizlet? ›

The US Department of State functions as the diplomatic wing of the federal government, handling matters of foreign affairs with other nations and international bodies. The State Department's primary job is to promote American foreign policy throughout the world.

Does the State Department make foreign policy? ›

The Executive Branch and the Congress have constitutional responsibilities for U.S. foreign policy. Within the Executive Branch, the Department of State is the lead U.S. foreign affairs agency, and the Secretary of State is the President's principal foreign policy adviser.

How is the U.S. State Department involved in the formation of American foreign policy? ›

The diplomatic policy of the United States is created by the president and carried out by the Department of State. The department's stated mission is to "protect and promote U.S. security, prosperity, and democratic values and shape an international environment in which all Americans can thrive."

Is the Department of State responsible for developing and implementing foreign policy? ›

The State Department

It has primary responsibility for managing the foreign affairs budget and resources, leading and coordinating other US agencies in developing and implementing foreign policy, leading and coordinating US representation abroad, and negotiating with foreign countries.


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